COMMON GROUND FISH SPECIES IN BC

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Common Pacific Groundfish

Identify common groundfish species in British Columbia:

                                 Anatomy of a Rockfish

Flounder Anatomy
Anatomy of a Cod
Flounder Anatomy
Anatomy of a Flounder

    RECREATIONAL – Fin Fish (Other than Salmon)

Fishery Notice – Fisheries and Oceans Canada Subject: FN0331-RECREATIONAL – Fin Fish (Other than Salmon) – Rockfish and Lingcod: Coast-wide Management Measures – Daily Limits and Close Times – In effect April 1, 2020 (Outside Waters) and May 1, 2020 (Inside Waters) – Amendment to FN0330 This notice amends FN0330 to correct the dates of the annual closure in Area 28 and portions of Area 29. The full corrected notice follows: Effective April 1, 2020 and May 1, 2020, the following recreational daily limits and close times apply to Rockfish and Lingcod in North and South Coast waters as described. These management measures are required to reduce fishing impacts on rockfish in general and identified species of rockfish. Possession Limits are twice the Daily Limits for Rockfish and Lingcod as described below. OUTSIDE WATERS: North Coast – Areas 1 to 10, 101 to 110, 130, 142 – AND – South Coast (Outside waters) – Areas 11, 21 to 27, 111, 123 to 127, Subareas 12-14 and 20-1 to 20-4, and Area 121 (excluding that portion outside the 12 nautical mile limit seaward of a line that begins at 48 degrees 34.00′ north latitude and 125 degrees 17.386′ west longitude and continues southeasterly at a bearing of 116 degrees True to a point at 48 degrees 28.327′ north latitude and 125 degrees 01.687′ west longitude). —Daily limits: Rockfish, all species combined – three (3), only one (1) of—which may be a Quillback rockfish, a Tiger rockfish, or a China rockfish. —Zero (0) retention for Yelloweye rockfish and Bocaccio rockfish —Daily limits: Lingcod – two (2).—Open time: April 1 to November 15—Close time: November 16 to March 31 INSIDE WATERS: South Coast (Inside waters) – Areas 13 to 19 and Subareas 12-1 to 12-13, 12-15 to 12-48, 20-5 to 20-7 and 29-5—Daily limits: Rockfish, all species combined – one (1)—Zero (0) retention for Yelloweye rockfish and Bocaccio rockfish —Daily Limits: Lingcod – one (1)—Open time: May 1 to September 30—Close time: October 1 to April 30Area 28 and Subareas 29-1 to 29-4 and 29-6 to 29-17 are closed for Rockfish and Lingcod April 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021 (year round). Variation Orders 2020-RCT-136 (Close Time) and 2020-RFQ-137 (Quota)  Notes:  Anglers are reminded of the mandatory condition of licence for the release of rockfish; all anglers in vessels shall immediately return all rockfish that are not being retained to the water and to a similar depth from which they were caught by use of an inverted weighted barbless hook or other purpose-built descender device. Rockfish Conservation Area (RCA) and Glass Sponge Reef (GSR) closures remain in effect – refer to the following web pages for descriptions: 1)RCAs- http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fm-gp/rec/restricted-restreint-eng.html#rca2)GSRs- http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fm-gp/rec/restricted-restreint-eng.html#sponge Licensing – the 2020/2021 Tidal Waters Sport Fishing Licence and Conditions of Licence are in effect starting 00:01 hours April 1, 2020. Please review the BC Sport Fishing Guide online at http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fm-gp/rec/index-eng.html, for any other restrictions that apply to the Area that you are fishing in, such as finfish closures, size limits, annual limits, and permitted gear. Did you witness suspicious fishing activity or a violation?  If so, please call the Fisheries and Ocean Canada 24-hour toll free Observe, Record, Report line at 1-800-465-4336. For the 24 hour recorded opening and closure line, call toll free at 1-866-431-FISH (3474).  FOR MORE INFORMATION: Contacts: Greg Hornby (Regional Recreational Coordinator) – [email protected]mpo.gc.ca   Fisheries and Oceans Canada Operations Center – FN0331Sent April 1, 2020 at 09:19Visit us on the Web at http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca

Black Rockfish

Black Rockfish

Sebastes melanops

  • Up to 63 cm
  • Body black to grey
  • Belly is pale pink to white
  • Fins are dark with black spots
  • Anal fin edge rounded and slants anteriorly
  • Jaw extends past orbit

Bocaccio Rockfish

Bocaccio Rockfish

Sebastes paucispinis

  • Up to 91 cm
  • Body dark orange-red to olive brown
  • Lower jaw is long and projects past upper jaw

Canary Rockfish

Canary Rockfish

Sebastes pinnigers

  • Up to 76 cm
  • Body mottled orange to yellow on grey background
  • Lateral line is pale
  • Fins are bright orange
  • 3 orange bands radiating from eyes
  • Anal fin edge slants anteriorly

China Rockfish

China Rockfish

Sebastes nebulosus

  • Up to 43 cm
  • Body black mottled with yellow, white and pale blue
  • Broad yellow stripe starting at 3rd dorsal spine and running along lateral line

Copper Rockfish

Copper Rockfish

Sebastes caurinus

  • Up to 57 cm
  • Body olive-brown to copper with pink or yellow blotches
  • Body can be dark brown
  • 2 yellow or dark bands radiating from eyes
  • Last 2/3 of lateral line is pale
  • Belly is pale pink to white

Dusky Rockfish

Dusky Rockfish

Sebastes ciliatus

  • Up to 53 cm
  • Body grey to greenish-brown fading to light grey or pink on belly
  • Symphyseal knob present
  • Anal fin edge almost vertical
  • Brown bands radiating from eyes
  • Jaw extends to end of pupil

Quillback Rockfish

Quillback Rockfish

Sebastes maliger

  • Up to 61 cm
  • Body dark brown to black mottled with orange-yellow
  • Appears to have freckles
  • Dorsal fin is high and deeply incised

Redbanded Rockfish

Redbanded Rockfish

Sebastes babcocki

  • Up to 64cm
  • Body light pink to red with 4 broad vertical red bands
  • 1 red band radiating from eyes

Tiger Rockfish

Tiger Rockfish

Sebastes nigrocinctus

  • Up to 61 cm
  • Body white to red
  • 5 dark red or black narrow vertical bands
  • 2 dark red or black bands radiating from eyes
  • Body can be brownish-red with black vertical bands

Widow Rockfish

Widow Rockfish

Sebastes saxicola

  • Up to 53 cm
  • Body golden-brown to lightbrown
  • Symphyseal knob absent
  • Anal fin edge slants posteriorly
  • Mouth is small
  • Jaw extends to mid-orbit

Yelloweye Rockfish

Yelloweye Rockfish

Sebastes ruberrimus

  • Up to 100 cm
  • Body yellow to red
  • Eyes are bright yellow
  • Fins usually have black tips
  • Adults have light band on lateral line
  • Juveniles are red with 2 light bands, one on lateral line and a shorter one below

Yellowtail Rockfish

Yellowtail Rockfish

Sebastes flavidus

  • Up to 66 cm
  • Body olive-green to green-brown
  • Symphyseal knob present
  • Anal fin edge almost vertical
  • Fins have yellow tinge
  • Jaw extends to back edge of orbit

Lingcod

Lingcod

Ophiodon elongatus

  • Up to 150 cm
  • Body mottled brown to grey fading to white on belly
  • Head, mouth & teeth are all large
  • Appears to have 1 dorsal fin
  • No barbel under chin

Pacific Cod

Pacific Cod

Gadus macrocephalus

  • Up 120 cm
  • Body mottled grey to brown fading to white on belly
  • 3 dorsal fins
  • 2 anal fins
  • Barbel under chin

Sablefish (Black Cod)

Sablefish (Black Cod)

Anoplopoma fimbria

  • Up to 107 cm
  • Body black to grey
  • Scales small
  • 2 dorsal fins
  • 1 anal fin
  • Forehead flat
  • Caudal fin forked
  • No barbel under chin

Arrowtooth Flounder

Arrowtooth Flounder

Atheresthes stomias

  • Up to 84 cm
  • Body brown-grey to olive
  • Blind side white to grey
  • Mouth large
  • 2 rows of large arrow-shaped teeth
  • Caudal fin forked
  • Right-eyed

Starry Flounder

Starry Flounder

Platichthys stellatus

  • Up to 1 meter
  • Body brown to green and diamond shaped
  • Blind side white to tan
  • Dorsal & anal fins are banded with black
  • Scales rough
  • Can be right or left-eyed

Pacific Halibut

Pacific Halibut

Hippoglossus stenolepis

  • Up to 270 cm
  • Body marbled brown with grey
  • Blind side white
  • Body thick and sturdy
  • Mouth large with sharp conical teeth
  • Caudal fin slightly forked
  • Almost always right-eyed

English Sole

English Sole

Parophrys vetulus

  • Up to 57 cm
  • Body light brown
  • Blind side white to yellow
  • Body smooth and diamond shaped
  • Head & jaw pointed
  • Right-eyed

Rock Sole

Rock Sole

Lepidopsetta bilineata

  • Up to 60 cm
  • Body mottled brown
  • Dark blotches on fins
  • Blind side white with pink tinge
  • Mouth small
  • Scales large and rough
  • High arch on lateral line
  • Right-eyed

Pacific Sanddab

Pacific Sanddab

Citharichthys sordidus

  • Up to 41 cm
  • Body brown to tan mottled
  • Blind side white to tan
  • Caudal fin rounded
  • Eyes and mouth are large
  • Left-eyed

Big Skate

Big Skate

Raja binoculata

  • Up to 240 cm
  • Body olive-brown to grey
  • Blind side is white
  • Dark eye spots on wings
  • 5 gill slits
  • Dorsal spines start above the tail

Longnose Skate

Longnose Skate

Raja rhina

  • Up to 140 cm
  • Body dark brown
  • Blind side is grey
  • Long pointed nose
  • 5 gill slits
  • Dorsal spines start at tail

Kelp Greenling

Kelp Greenling

Hexagrammos decagrammus

  • Up to 61 cm
  • Male body brown to olive with blue spots
  • Female body light brown to golden-blue with large brown to orange spots
  • 5 lateral lines on each side

Cabezon

Cabezon

Scorpaenichthys marmoratus

  • Up to 100 cm
  • Body marbled olive-green to brown-grey with white patches
  • Body can be red
  • Flap like projections on snout and over each eye

Red Irish Lord

Red Irish Lord

Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus

  • Up to 51cm
  • Body red mottled with brown, white and black
  • 4 vertical dark bands
  • Single dorsal fin notched to form 3 steps
  • Snout blunt and rounded

Ratfish

Ratfish

Hydrolagus colliei

  • Up to 100 cm
  • Body grey-brown with white spots with olive belly
  • Tail is long and tapering
  • Watch out for the poisonous spine at the front of the dorsal fin

Spiny Dogfish

Spiny Dogfish

Squalus acanthias

  • Up to 160 cm
  • Body slate grey to brown
  • Belly white to light grey
  • 5 gill slits
  • 2 dorsal fins with a spine in front of each
  • No anal fin

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