SALMON SPECIES IN NANAIMO WATERS

Identify your catch

Pacific salmon

Chinook salmon

chinook

Chum salmon

chum

Coho salmon

coho

Pink salmon

pink

Sockeye salmon

sockeye

Features of Pacific salmon

SpeciesMouthTailOther distinguishing featuresAge at maturityFreshwater markings
ChinookDark with black gums; large, sharp teethV-shaped, silvery; spots on both lobesLarge spots on back3 to 7 yearsBody turns olive brown to black
ChumWhite, tongue may be black; large teethNo spots, silver streaks covering about half of tail; narrow tail baseNo spots on back or tail; possible faint vertical bars on silver fish; white tip on anal fin3 to 5 yearsVertical bands on sides, may be reddish purple on male
CohoWhite, may have black edge, white gums; sharp, medium sized teethSquare, silver; some spots, usually on upper lobe; wide tail baseSpots on upper part of body3 yearsGreenish black head, red body
Pink salmonWhite with black gums; in marine areas, almost no teethV-shaped, no silver; large oval spots on both lobesLarge spots on back; smallest species2 yearsPronounced hump on male
Sockeye salmonWhite with white gum line; small teethModerately forked; no spotsNo spots on back or tail; prominent, glassy eyes4 to 5 yearsGreenish head, red body

Atlantic salmon

Report all captures of Atlantic salmon to: 1-800-811-6010 (toll-free).

Click thumbnail to enlarge image.

  • Atlantic salmon

Trout

SpeciesIdentifying features
Cutthroat Trout

Trout – Cutthroat

  • Large mouth extends well past eye
  • Teeth in throat, at back of tongue
  • Many spots from front to back
Steelhead Trout

Trout – Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

  • Slender lateral profile
  • Small black spots on back, uniform spots on square tail
  • No teeth in throat, at back of tongue
Dolly Varden Trout

Trout – Dolly Varden

  • Small head
  • Oval, snakelike body
  • White leading edges on low

http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fm-gp/rec/points/salmon-saumon-eng.html

Salmon Identification

RECREATIONAL – Salmon Regulations April 1, 2020.
Fishery Notice – Fisheries and Oceans Canada Subject: FN0322-RECREATIONAL – Salmon – Chinook – Areas 11 to 28, 111, 121 to 127 and Subareas 29-1 to 29-5 and 29-8 – Chinook Management Measures – Effective April 1, 2020 To address conservation concerns for at-risk Fraser River Chinook stocks, DFO is continuing precautionary reductions in commercial, recreational and First Nation’s fisheries to support conservation of these stocks. This Fishery Notice provides the interim recreational fishery management measures to provide protection to at-risk Fraser River Chinook stocks in Areas 11 to 28, 121 to 127 and Subareas 29-1 to 29-5 and 29-8. The plan is to start the 2020 fishing season (beginning April 1, 2020) with the measures that were in place at the beginning of last season (April 2019) until further notice. As these are interim measures, a further announcement on possible revised management actions is anticipated in June 2020. The Sport Fishing Advisory Board (SFAB) is being consulting on potential changes to the 2020 fishing plan.   The management measures for Fraser Chinook are outlined below. —————————————Southern BC Recreational Fisheries:-West Coast Vancouver Island (WCVI) Subareas 20-1 and 20-2, Area 121, as well as Areas 123 to 127 seaward of a Boundary Line located approximately one (1) nautical mile from the surfline: 00:01 hours April 1 until further notice, Chinook non-retention.  For the full definition of the Boundary Line in Areas 123 to 127, please see the bottom of this fishery notice.  Chinook daily limits remain at two (2) per day shoreward of this boundary line. Queen Charlotte and Johnstone Straits (Subareas 12-1 to 12-13, 12-15 to 12-48): 00:01 hours April 1 until further notice, Chinook non-retention.  Strait of Georgia – North – Areas 13 to 17, Area 28, and Subareas 29-1 and 29-2: 00:01 hours April 1 until further notice, Chinook non-retention;  Strait of Georgia – South and Juan de Fuca – Area 18, Subareas 19-3 to 19-12, 20-3 to 20-7, and Subareas 29-3 to 29-5 and 29-8: 00:01 hours April 1 to 23:59 hours July 31, 2020, Chinook non-retention;  For clarity, Chinook retention is permitted in Areas 11, 21 to 27, 111, Subarea 12-14, and those portions of Areas 123 to 127 shoreward of a Boundary Line located approximately one (1) nautical mile seaward of the surfline. Variation Order: 2020-RFQ-0145, 2020-RFQ-147.  —————————————————————————Definition: Boundary Line for Areas 123 to 127————————————————————————— The Boundary Line is approximately one (1) nautical mile seaward of the surfline and is defined as follows: A line that begins at Pacheena Point lighthouse at 48 degrees 43.327′ N 125 degrees 05.855′ Wthen to 48 degrees 42.456′ N 125 degrees 06.583′ W seaward of Pachena Point,then to 48 degrees 46.420′ N 125 degrees 13.997′ W seaward of Cape Beale,then to 48 degrees 54.572′ N 125 degrees 33.622′ W seaward of Amphitrite Point,then to 49 degrees 05.100′ N 125 degrees 54.646′ W seaward of Cox Point,then to 49 degrees 10.280′ N 126 degrees 04.790′ W seaward of Blunden Island,then to 49 degrees 16.472′ N 126 degrees 15.140′ W seaward of Rafael Point,then to 49 degrees 20.008′ N 126 degrees 17.188′ W seaward of Sydney Inlet,then to 49 degrees 23.807′ N 126 degrees 24.483′ W seaward of Hesquiat Point,then to 49 degrees 21.620′ N 126 degrees 28.478′ W seaward of Matlahaw Point,then to 49 degrees 22.113′ N 126 degrees 33.508′ W seaward of Estevan Point, then to 49 degrees 23.869′ N 126 degrees 35.333′ W seaward of Homais Cove,then to 49 degrees 27.766′ N 126 degrees 35.971′ W seaward of Split Cape,then to 49 degrees 31.494′ N 126 degrees 35.669′ W seaward of Escalante Point,then to 49 degrees 34.042′ N 126 degrees 41.611′ W seaward of Maquinna Point,then to 49 degrees 36.254′ N 126 degrees 50.538′ W seaward of Bajo Point,then to 49 degrees 39.892′ N 126 degrees 55.125′ W seaward of Skuna Bay,then to 49 degrees 44.400′ N 127 degrees 00.289′ W seaward of Ferrer Point,then to 49 degrees 50.767′ N 127 degrees 10.151′ W seaward of Tatchu Point,then to 49 degrees 59.142′ N 127 degrees 28.125′ W seaward of Lookout Island,then to 50 degrees 06.948′ N 127 degrees 41.617′ W seaward of  Jackobson Point,then to 50 degrees 03.599′ N 127 degrees 47.722′ W seaward of  Clerke Point,then to 50 degrees 05.868′ N 127 degrees 57.906′ W seaward of  Solander Island,then to 50 degrees 19.284′ N 128 degrees 00.130′ W seaward of  Lawn Point,then to 50 degrees 31.501′ N 128 degrees 14.238′ W seaward of  Topknot Point,then to 50 degrees 35.683′ N 128 degrees 19.249′ W seaward of  Cape Palmerston,then to 50 degrees 39.280′ N 128 degrees 23.459′ W seaward of  Winifred Island,then to 50 degrees 41.116′ N 128 degrees 24.166′ W seaward of  Cape Russell,then to 50 degrees 44.137′ N 128 degrees 26.559′ W seaward of  Strange Rock,then to 50 degrees 47.926′ N 128 degrees 27.363′ W seaward of  Cape Scott,then to Frederiksen Point. FOR MORE INFORMATION: Erika Watkins, A/ECVI Recreational Fisheries Manager, [email protected]mpo.gc.ca. Brad Beaith, WCVI Recreational Fisheries Manager, [email protected]. Barbara Mueller, FIA(Fraser R.) Resource Manager, [email protected].  Fisheries and Oceans Canada Operations Center – FN0322Sent March 30, 2020 at 16:48Visit us on the Web at http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca

Gear in tidal waters

  • Barbless hooks are required for all salmon and sea-run trout fishing. Treble barbless hooks are acceptable in most areas; however, single barbless hooks are required in many tidal areas of coastal rivers and in areas requiring special management measures.
  • If you pinch a barbed hook, the barb must be crimped flat against the shaft. Partially crimped barbs are not allowed.
  • In tidal waters, there’s no limit to the number of fishing rods you can use. In rivers and streams, including the tidal waters of the Fraser River, there’s a limit of one rod per angler.
  • It is illegal to angle with a fishing line that has more than one hook, artificial lure or artificial fly attached except:
    • in the tidal waters of the Fraser River, where you can attach two hooks, artificial lures or artificial flies to a bar rig.
    • in tidal waters, where you can attach any number of hooks to a fishing line if using the hooks in combination to hold a single piece of bait and if they’re not arranged so as to catch more than one fish. This does not apply in areas restricted to the use of only one single barbless hook.
  • It is illegal to fish with a fixed weight (sinker) greater than 1 kg except on a downrigger line, in which case the fishing line must be attached to the downrigger by a release clip.
  • It is illegal to sport fish with nets, including dip nets, minnow nets, gillnets or cast nets

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